Dobrynin Report on a meeting with Kissinger in which Kissinger Dobrynin informs what US Secretary of State Rogers does not know about American policy, February 4, 1972 When the Cold War became a reality in the years following the Yalta conference, many critics of Roosevelt`s foreign policy criticized him for having “exhausted” and leaving Stalin naïve to meet. It seems doubtful, however, that Roosevelt had much choice. He secured Russian participation in the war against Japan (Russia declared war on Japan on August 8, 1945), established the fundamental principles of the United Nations and did as much as possible to resolve the question of Poland. When the Second World War was still raging, his main interest was the maintenance of the Great Alliance. He thought that boring political issues could be postponed and resolved after the war. Unfortunately, Roosevelt never had that chance – almost exactly two months after the end of the conference, Roosevelt had a stroke and died. Secretary Dulles` press conference of 16 October 1957 Summary of comments from the press conference on the Berlin airlift by President Harry S. Truman. The document contains comments at press conferences from July 22, 1948 to December 2, 1948 U.S. State Department press release of September 26, 1948 containing the text of a September 26, 1948 memo from the United States, France and the United Kingdom to the Soviet government. The memo accuses the Soviet government of failing to comply with the negotiated agreements to resolve the Berlin crisis and pledges to refer the Soviet government`s action to the UN Security Council.
United States, National Security Council, Memoranden National Security Action, NSAM 277: Review of our Procedures for Anticipating Foreign Crises, 20 January 1964 Meeting in the city of Yalta in Crimea from 4 to 11 February, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin each came with their own agendas of the conference. For Stalin, the main objectives were post-war economic assistance to Russia and recognition by the United States and Great Britain of a Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. Churchill had the protection of the British Empire in the foreground, but he also wanted to clarify the status of post-war Germany. Roosevelt`s objectives were consensual on the creation of the United Nations and the obtaining of the Soviet agreement to go to war with Japan after Hitler`s defeat. None of them left Yalta fully satisfied. There has been no definitive determination of financial aid to Russia. Many questions concerning Germany have been postponed for further discussions. As for the United Nations, Stalin wanted to represent the 16 Soviet republics in the General Assembly, but settled for three (the Soviet Union as a whole, Belarus and Ukraine). The Soviets, however, agreed to join the war against Japan, 90 days after Hitler`s defeat in Germany. Translation of a letter of July 14, 1948 from Alexander S. Payushkin (Soviet Ambassador) to the U.S. Secretary of State.
The letter from the presidential files responds to an American accusation that the USSR triggered the Berlin crisis and argues that the United States, Britain and France violated the four-power agreements by introducing a special currency into their Berlin sector and pursuing a policy of “dismemberment” of Germany. Transcript of the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs of April 13, 1949 about a press and radio conference during which Foreign Minister Dean Acheson attempts to clarify the nature of an agreement between the foreign ministers on the merger of the three zones in Germany and how this agreement is consistent with the formation of a German Intergovernmental Conference with the President on 15.05.60 , May 16, 1960 regarding the U2 Conference and the Summit, DDE`s Papers as President, DDE Diary Series, Box 50, Staff Notes May 1960 Department of State Transcript.